Palliative nutritional care of oncology patients

Vlad Denis Constantin1,4,6, Cristinel Dumitru Badiu1,4,7, Alin Nicolae Popescu2,3, Nicoleta Tupiţă2, Camelia Diaconu1,5,8, Ovidiu Gabriel Bratu1,4,9, Anca Pantea Stoian1,5,10, Bogdan Socea1,5,7

1 “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, România,2 Romanian Rugby Federation,3 MD,4 MD, PhD, Assistant Professor,5 MD, PhD, Lecturer,6 MD, PhD, Professor,7 Surgery,8 Internal Medicine,9 Urology,10 Diabetes, Nutrition and metabolic diseases

Primit: 15.12.2018 • Acceptat pentru publicare: 21.12.2018

Abstract

Oncology patients often have a nutritional status, which is usually weak and therefore have  special needs. Factors such as nausea, lack of appetite, postoperative ileus, postoperative pain, difficulty in swallowing, bedridden state, affect the alimentation capacities of oncology patients, leading to malnutrition over time. Neoplastic cachexia becomes a risk factor per se, which adds to the already precarious condition of the patients. They increase the risk for any further medical maneuvers. For patients in intensive care units, intubated, things become even more difficult, requiring parenteral and enteral nutrition.

Keywords: nutrition, palliative care, oncology

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