Actualities in the assessment and management of the pressure ulcer

Abstract

Statistics show that end-of-life wounds are a huge problem and are often found in palliative patients. Prevalence rates range between 30% and 47%, and incidence rates range from 8% to 17%.

Wounds have different etiologies and characteristics, and in order to improve or heal, a clear and logical step-wise care plan is required.

The first and the most important stage in this plan is the assessment of the wound: the location and size of the wound, the type of lesion, the existence of necrosis, infection and hemorrhage, the appearance of the perilesional skin and, last but not least, the type of the dressing used.

Keywords: chronic wounds, escare, decubitus ulcer, care

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